Types of Flooring

We usually take for granted the surface we walk on in our house until it gets worn off or damaged so it needs repair or replacement. People who have built their own homes or have done home renovations know all too well how hard it is first to choose the right flooring and then to install it properly. Each room in the house has a different purpose and it is this purpose that determines the type of flooring that should be installed. In order to choose the right flooring, you first need to know the characteristics of all the major types of flooring.

Vinyl flooring

If you thought that vinyl was only used for records, you were wrong. PVC or vinyl flooring consists of a super smooth top surface that is rough on the bottom so it would stick easier to the concrete underneath. Modern PVC floors are easy to install because you basically just need to glue them to the floor using an already present sticky tape. Because of their smoothness, they are very water-resistant so they are ideal for rooms that involve spilling liquids, like bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms, etc. Because of their design, vinyl floors look well in offices as well.

Tile flooring

One of the most popular flooring solutions are tiles. They are most commonly used indoors, as ceramic tiles are the most usual type of tiles. They are made from clay and water and are slip-resistant in comparison to vitrified tiles. They have aesthetic appeal, so they are mainly used for offices. They come in two editions, as glazed and as matt. Finally, we have porcelain tiles that were once used extensively. Nowadays, they can be seen in an odd living room or bedroom. However, they are water-resistant and they don’t stain easily.

Rubber flooring

One of the most interesting types of flooring in terms where it is used is rubber flooring. Popular in Asian countries, it is used both in homes, as well as in industrial facilities. If installed properly, it can be quite durable, it produces little to no noise, and it is comfortable to walk on. That is why you can see rubber flooring in kindergartens and gyms where children and people often walk barefoot. The reason why it isn’t used more extensively is the fact that the initial cost is quite high.

Wood flooring

One of the oldest types of flooring that has remained popular to this day is wood flooring. Its main advantage is its longevity, under the precondition that the floors are maintained well. There are a lot of types of wood flooring, such as hardwood flooring that is made from a single piece of wood that is thick. Such floors are durable but not particularly resistant to water damage, so they are mostly installed in living rooms or bedrooms. If you want floors made of wood installed in the kitchen, then engineered wood is an excellent solution. There is a debate going on which of the two listed types of wood flooring is better but in any case, they should both come from a premium timber supplier like ATS timber that will serve as a guarantee for quality.

Linoleum Flooring

In terms of environmentally friendly types of flooring, perhaps linoleum is the best option for people who are eco-aware. They are made from wood cork dust, linseed oil, and limestone, which all account for a perfect combo of recycled and natural materials. Since their core is made by compressing, it is hard to make a dent in them or to scrape them by the leg of a chair. They are good against spilling because oil and other chemicals cannot harm them. Their smooth surface is anti-slippery by default, rendering them perfect for use in the kitchen or in the hallway of the house. They are also widely used in factories to cover large surfaces.

Concrete flooring

Prompted by brutalism, concrete floors have found their way into every imaginable interior design. Their simplicity is so practical that many contractors and designers adopt these floors and even deem them as luxurious. This is when we talk about living quarters; while the truth is concrete floors are predominantly used commercially. Parking lots are one example of how concrete’s durability is used to support the weight of vehicles.

Stone floors

Finally, we have the most natural type of flooring: stone floors. They have that rustic look that is ideal for lobbies or halls and their quality and preferences depend on the type of stone used. There are limestone, granite, marble (used in temples), sandstone etc., types of floors that all go best with a hot and humid climate as they preserve the coolness. The phrase “stone-cold,” therefore, exists for a good reason. When it comes to home use, perhaps granite floors are best suited for kitchens or outdoor pathways, while limestone is ideal for bathrooms and dining rooms.

Bonus floor type: Bamboo floors

Another type of eco-friendly floors are bamboo floors. They belong to the general category of hardwood floors but they possess unique traits that separate them from other wood floor types, although their price is not much different. They are lighter in color than oak, for instance, but you can order any shade you like because a darker finish can be added in the manufacturing process. However, most homeowners decide to go with the natural color of bamboo, the way it looks in the wild in China, from where it is mostly imported.

The bamboo plant is a grass, not a tree, which means that bamboo requires little water, herbicides, and pesticides to grow. It matures faster than other trees, so it is possible to grow a lot of it, resulting in a cheaper end product. Since it is industrially grown for purpose of the furniture industry, you won’t have to worry about any panda bears losing their natural habitat because of your new floor.

The type of the flooring you decide on will largely depend on the place where it is installed. Any of the 6 types of flooring listed here are designed to suit a special need and you just have to work out what yours is.

We usually take for granted the surface we walk on in our house until it gets worn off or damaged so it needs repair or replacement. People who have built their own homes or have done home renovations know all too well how hard it is first to choose the right flooring and then to install it properly. Each room in the house has a different purpose and it is this purpose that determines the type of flooring that should be installed. In order to choose the right flooring, you first need to know the characteristics of all the major types of flooring.

Vinyl flooring

If you thought that vinyl was only used for records, you were wrong. PVC or vinyl flooring consists of a super smooth top surface that is rough on the bottom so it would stick easier to the concrete underneath. Modern PVC floors are easy to install because you basically just need to glue them to the floor using an already present sticky tape. Because of their smoothness, they are very water-resistant so they are ideal for rooms that involve spilling liquids, like bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms, etc. Because of their design, vinyl floors look well in offices as well.

Tile flooring

One of the most popular flooring solutions are tiles. They are most commonly used indoors, as ceramic tiles are the most usual type of tiles. They are made from clay and water and are slip-resistant in comparison to vitrified tiles. They have aesthetic appeal, so they are mainly used for offices. They come in two editions, as glazed and as matt. Finally, we have porcelain tiles that were once used extensively. Nowadays, they can be seen in an odd living room or bedroom. However, they are water-resistant and they don’t stain easily.

Rubber flooring

One of the most interesting types of flooring in terms where it is used is rubber flooring. Popular in Asian countries, it is used both in homes, as well as in industrial facilities. If installed properly, it can be quite durable, it produces little to no noise, and it is comfortable to walk on. That is why you can see rubber flooring in kindergartens and gyms where children and people often walk barefoot. The reason why it isn’t used more extensively is the fact that the initial cost is quite high.

Wood flooring

One of the oldest types of flooring that has remained popular to this day is wood flooring. Its main advantage is its longevity, under the precondition that the floors are maintained well. There are a lot of types of wood flooring, such as hardwood flooring that is made from a single piece of wood that is thick. Such floors are durable but not particularly resistant to water damage, so they are mostly installed in living rooms or bedrooms. If you want floors made of wood installed in the kitchen, then engineered wood is an excellent solution. There is a debate going on which of the two listed types of wood flooring is better but in any case, they should both come from a premium timber supplier like ATS timber that will serve as a guarantee for quality.

Linoleum Flooring

In terms of environmentally friendly types of flooring, perhaps linoleum is the best option for people who are eco-aware. They are made from wood cork dust, linseed oil, and limestone, which all account for a perfect combo of recycled and natural materials. Since their core is made by compressing, it is hard to make a dent in them or to scrape them by the leg of a chair. They are good against spilling because oil and other chemicals cannot harm them. Their smooth surface is anti-slippery by default, rendering them perfect for use in the kitchen or in the hallway of the house. They are also widely used in factories to cover large surfaces.

Concrete flooring

Prompted by brutalism, concrete floors have found their way into every imaginable interior design. Their simplicity is so practical that many contractors and designers adopt these floors and even deem them as luxurious. This is when we talk about living quarters; while the truth is concrete floors are predominantly used commercially. Parking lots are one example of how concrete’s durability is used to support the weight of vehicles.

Stone floors

Finally, we have the most natural type of flooring: stone floors. They have that rustic look that is ideal for lobbies or halls and their quality and preferences depend on the type of stone used. There are limestone, granite, marble (used in temples), sandstone etc., types of floors that all go best with a hot and humid climate as they preserve the coolness. The phrase “stone-cold,” therefore, exists for a good reason. When it comes to home use, perhaps granite floors are best suited for kitchens or outdoor pathways, while limestone is ideal for bathrooms and dining rooms.

Bonus floor type: Bamboo floors

Another type of eco-friendly floors are bamboo floors. They belong to the general category of hardwood floors but they possess unique traits that separate them from other wood floor types, although their price is not much different. They are lighter in color than oak, for instance, but you can order any shade you like because a darker finish can be added in the manufacturing process. However, most homeowners decide to go with the natural color of bamboo, the way it looks in the wild in China, from where it is mostly imported.

The bamboo plant is a grass, not a tree, which means that bamboo requires little water, herbicides, and pesticides to grow. It matures faster than other trees, so it is possible to grow a lot of it, resulting in a cheaper end product. Since it is industrially grown for purpose of the furniture industry, you won’t have to worry about any panda bears losing their natural habitat because of your new floor.

The type of the flooring you decide on will largely depend on the place where it is installed. Any of the 6 types of flooring listed here are designed to suit a special need and you just have to work out what yours is.

Liam Smith is a young and aspiring Australian blogger with a passion for everything related to home, design and lifestyle. He has a B.Sc. in Interior design and is an avid reader.

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